The environment was and still is shaped by humans. But natural resources are crucial for human activities.
We have made the interactions between people and the environment our special topic: 4,000 years ago the life of humans was largely determined by the environment, just as humans had a serious influence on their environment through sedentary behaviour. That’s why a variety of experiments are conducted in the open-air museum to show visitors the environmental conditions of the time.

The nature trail, an experimental field for growing cereals and legumes, the pond habitat, the herb spiral as well as the landscaping of the museum grounds are the first steps in this direction. They show the types, composition and use of the flora of the time.

In accordance with the mission statement of the Hitzacker Archaeological centre we aim to make the complex conflict area between humans, the environment and technology tangible and understandable in its historically developed dimension. Our guided tours and activities also attempt to convey these connections and actively involve the visitor in what is happening.



Grains such as einkorn wheat, barley, spelt and oats as well as legumes (peas, lentils and broad beans) are grown on the approximately 140 m² field. The harvest is brought in every year by hand using replica sickles. The blade of the sickle is made of either flint or bronze. Experiments are currently being carried out to de-husk the grain. Grain was an important staple food and was used primarily for making porridge rather than for baking bread. These type of foods can be easily stored, for example in storage pits or small storage buildings.


Herb spiral

The Bronze Age menu was supplemented with wild herbs and berries. The Hitzacker Archaeological centre has put together a tea blend of herbs and fruits from the Bronze Age that participants can try in our activities. The “Bronze Age” tea blend can also be purchased in the shop. In addition to the importance of wild herbs for medical care, they also provided variety to the diet. Although their nutritional value is lower, they may have been a tasty and even necessary supplement because of their vitamins.

The herb spiral contains a small selection of plants that still accompany us today. Remains of stems, flowers or pollen in the archaeological record not only provide conclusions about their use, but are also strong indications of human use of a region. Ruderal plants, such as ribwort, thrive in highly frequented areas, such as settlements. In our cookbook “Cooking and Baking Like in the Bronze Age” we have put together some recipes for you to try.

Cookbook: “Cooking and baking like in the Bronze Age”

In our cookbook we have put together some recipes for you to cook. You can purchase this from us for €1.50 (shipping costs: €2.50).

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April 1st – October 31st
daily 10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m